POP ART MOVEMENT, STYLE AND DECORATION GUIDE
Marilyn Monroe portraits, neon lights, giant comic boards, bright sculptures, canisters and paintings depicting detergent packaging… What is Pop Art that appeared in the 1950s, which made a big impact on the masses with its colorful and provocative world? What was Andy Warhol's problem, how did the advertisement take place in art, by which artists is the Pop Art movement alive today? Offering an extremely energetic and fun environment, how can you incorporate this bold style into your home with its Pop Art paintings, decor and furniture?
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What is Pop Art?
Richard Hamilton, one of the famous Pop artists, expresses the definition of Pop Art in a letter to Alison and Peter Smithson on January 16, 1957:“Pop Art is: Popular, transient, expendable, low-cost, mass-produced, young, witty, sexy, gimmicky, glamorous, and Big Business”
The definition of Pop Art comes from Popular Art. Pop Art, which was born in Britain in the mid-1950s and adopted in America in a short time; It is a trend that uses objects, advertisements and famous images used in daily life as works of art. Pop Art adopts mass and mass production, glorifies consumer culture. Hollywood films, pop music, comics are important sources for Pop Art paintings and artworks. Ordinary objects (canisters, Coca Cola bottles, cigarette packs, etc.) of the American consumer, especially in the daily life, have gained a new context with Pop Art. Eliminating the distinction between the "high culture" that appeals to the taste of the elite and the ways in which the masses consume culture, could be achieved by carrying everyday life to art. There was a sense that pop artists did this:
Historical Development of the Pop Art Movement
- In 1958, British critic Lawrence Alloway used the term "Pop Art" for the first time to use popular culture products in his article "Arts and Mass Communication" written in Architectural Design magazine.
- So, when Pop Art started? The debut of Pop Art in the UK is based on the Independent Group operating in ICA in London between 1952-1955. Writers, artists and architects who were looking for a radical approach to visual culture with Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi held meetings under the name of this group, and Lawrence Alloway was a member of this group.
- For British artists, America was a free place away from class. It represented a young and innovative culture that used mass media strongly. Inspired by Pop Art American Pop culture in the UK. So Pop Art is a true American movement, even though it was born in England.
- The first work of the Pop Art movement is a collage called "I was a Rich Man’s Plaything" made by Eduardo Paolozzi in 1953.
Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing?, Richard Hamilton
- "Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing?" In Richard Hamilton's exhibition titled "Here is Tomorrow" in London in 1956. His collage is one of the first and iconic examples of Pop Art art.
- Pop Art is an art movement that was born against American Abstract Expressionism. The first art movement that emerged from America and gained global fame was American Abstract Expressionism. But the artists who would sprout Pop Art found American Abstract Expressionism as elitist and incomprehensible. For them, art should not be different from the objects and images we see and use every day. For artists who think mass media and mass production will prevent conflict between classes, the traditional approach to what art should be must have been shattered. Everyday life was disconnected from the arts shown in museums and taught in art schools. Pop Art artists aimed to bring art and life together.
- The consumption culture, which started with the effect of the developing economy after the Second World War, also paved the way for the development of Pop Art.
- The Pop Art movement, which uses the cultural data of daily life in terms of both subject and material use, has been described as "Neo-Dadaist". But ex-Dadaists like Marcel Duchamp disagreed. Duchamp said that when he discovered the ready object, he aimed to demolish the aesthetic phenomenon, but Neo-Dadaists found an aesthetic beauty in ready-made objects. This contrasted with the basic principle of the Dada movement.
- We can say that the innovative search in the American art dating back to the 1920s forms the basis of Pop Art. Charles Sheeler (1883-1965), who illustrated the American industry and factories, Edward Hopper (1882-1967), known for his urban life paintings, and StuArt Davis (1894-1965), who depicted the detergent bottles, inspired the pioneers of Pop Art in the 1960s.
Marilyn Monroe (Marilyn), Andy Warhol, Great American Nude No.98, Tom Wesselmann
- Famous women, especially Marilyn Monroe, became iconic in the works of Pop artists.
- The image of women is one of the main topics of Pop Art. Pop Art women are sexy and in the form of spectacles. Blond, red-lips sexy women are stereotypes, as we see in the paintings of Tom Wesselmann.
Whaam!', Roy Lichtenstein
- Roy Lichtenstein, one of the most famous Pop Art artists, has become iconic with his black outlines created by ben day spots and giant murals depicted in primary colors.
Spoonbridge and Cherry, Claes Oldenburg
- Claes Oldenburg, which separates the subject from its function and plays absurdly with the dimensions of products or foods used in daily life, is famous for its Pop Art sculptures.
- Famous for its mirror-surface balloon dog sculptures, Jeff Koons is considered the biggest living representative of Pop Art today.
Andy Warhol's Pop Art and The Factory
Undoubtedly, the first name that comes to mind when we say Pop Art is Andy Warhol. Andy Warhol, the crazy representative of mass production, who reproduced his paintings with the poster technique, was not only an artist but also an important person in pop culture. He discovered Nico and The Velvet Underground and made visual designs of their albums. He made two short films named Empire and Sleep. In 1966, Chelsea Girl made history as the first underground movie to be shown in commercial salons.
Jasper Johns's The American Flag and Robert Rauschenberg's work had a profound effect on Andy Warhol. Warhol, who was aware of the Bauhaus school with his education at Carnegie Institute, was interested in Dada art for a while. The artistic process really started with his painting when he started painting Coca Cola bottles, TV sets and refrigerators and showed several works to filmmaker Emile de Antonio. Andy Warhol, who “artistic” repetitive images of everyday life, said that he wanted to be a machine and that the machines had fewer problems.
When asked why he painted 100 Campbell's preserves, Andy told Warhol that he just loved these soups and consumed them too much. He never made an emotional or historical statement about his work. He started the iconic Marilyn series on August 4, 1962 when he received news of the suicide of Marilyn Monroe. They are all the same but they are different.
What is Andy Warhol's The Factory?
In July 1963, Andy Warhol rented the work area The Factory. This place was not like a typical artist workshop. From the movie stars of the period to the singers, The Factory, where many people from the art world came in and out, was a place suitable for the mass production and mass culture of Pop Art. A constant party mood prevailed. The Factory, which is furnished with items from the street and painted with metallic paint, including the interior of the toilet bowl, is important as the place where many innovative production techniques are tried.
Being at The Factory and playing in Andy Warhol's movies became one of the most popular things in New York in the 1960s. Andy Warhol has become a leader for the art world, including many people with emotional problems, most of whom use drugs. This fame was undoubtedly enjoyable for Andy Warhol, who said that he suffered from "Social Disease", that he should go out every night, and if he does not, he will start gossiping with his dogs at home. Although he was attacked several times and returned from death!
How Pop Art Changed The World?
So why is Pop Art is important? Pop Art, which is expressed as “advertisement aesthetics” according to some, is important because it is a cultural and social movement. It has an ironic and rebellious attitude, independent of just the image production. It is also important that it visually develops new mass production techniques. Pop culture art makes sense because of its principle that embraces everyday life and involves the masses in art. More precisely, he removed the distinction between art and life and introduced the "art is life, life is art" principle.
It has led to bold leaps in marketing, advertising and branding. There are also those who say that the ironic aspect of Pop Art, which has been criticized for glorifying capitalism and consumer culture, is a smart reaction. Pop Art was called protest art at first because of its teasing attitude. Regardless, it is obvious that Pop Art is nothing like itself, both as material, subject and lifestyle.
Pop Art Interior Design and Decor Ideas
Pop Art style is often associated with young people because it is fun, colorful and prankish. But with many decors and furniture with Pop Art characteristics, you can get stunning looks in various parts of your home. You don't have to be young for that, just feel young!
Get to Know Pop Art Colors
Pop Art colors are basically red, yellow and blue. Vivid, bright, high-contrast pinks, blues, greens are also involved. Primary colors are used as vividly as possible. The combination of these colors will be magnificent with the black and white striped pattern. Geometric patterns also look stunning with the main high contrast colors.
Of course, do not paint the entire wall or furniture in these colors. Create contrasts. A green armchair is fine, placing it in front of a black and white striped wallpaper.
Favorite Decor: Pop Art Posters
Posters inspired by Pop Art pictures are frequently preferred for home decoration. Marilyn Monroe and Frida Kahlo posters are still the most popular. You can summon the spirit of Andy Warhol on your walls with Pop art style posters of Hollywood stars, iconic painters, rock stars. Replicas of Roy Lichtenstein's comic book artworks are also great for interior design in Pop Art style. You can create multiple compositions for Pop Art wall art. You can also place a one-piece table on an extremely large scale. Be bold, stunning, absurd.
Trinkets, Decorative Sculptures and Ironic Approaches to Old Master Paintings
There are so many versions of Jeff Koons balloon dog statues! The brightly sculpted characters of famous cartoon characters and the painted, even tattooed versions of Ancient Greek statues are so popular! Buy from those that are sold not only as sculptures but also as table lamps, the air of your home will suddenly change. Funny comments on old-style oil paintings are great! The gum-popping Mona Lisa painting fully reflects the ironic world of Pop Art.
Hooray Pop Art Furnitures!
Single armchairs produced with iconic Pop Art pictures and patterns shine like a star in your living room. Who doesn't like the furry Marilyn Monroe seats? It goes great with your sofa set. Wouldn't it be fun to hang a pink or azure mirror in the bathroom? A red lip shaped sofa or a buffet made of graffiti? If the furniture in your home is classic, you can even paint some with spray paint. Remember, Pop Art loves contrasts.
Use Neon Lighting
Neon wall lighting is great for Pop Art interior design. Slogan-like writings or lighting with LED lips or female figures add innovation to your home.
Move The Street To Home
You can also display traffic signs, advertising banners and giant brand logos that we normally see on the streets in your rooms.